A phase II study of irinotecan in children with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma: A European cooperation of the Société Française d'Oncologie Pédiatrique (SFOP) and the United Kingdom Children Cancer Study Group (UKCCSG).
Eur J Cancer. 2008 Sep 21;
Authors: Vassal G, Giammarile F, Brooks M, Geoerger B, Couanet D, Michon J, Stockdale E, Schell M, Geoffray A, Gentet JC, Pichon F, Rubie H, Cisar L, Assadourian S, Morland B
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of irinotecan in paediatric recurrent or refractory neuroblastoma. Patients and Methods: Thirty seven patients aged between 6 months and 20 years, with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma, received irinotecan at 600mg/m(2) administered as a 60-min infusion, every 3 weeks. Tumour response was evaluated by conventional radiological and mIBG scans every two cycles. Results: No objective response was observed during the study. Stable disease was observed in 13% of evaluable patients. Median times to progression and survival were 1.4 months (range, 1.2-1.5 months) and 8.8 months (range, 6.7-11.3 months), respectively. One forty two cycles were administered, with a median of two cycles per patient (range, 1-17 cycles). The most common grade 3-4 toxicities were neutropenia (65% of patients), anaemia (43%), thrombocytopenia (38%), vomiting (14%), abdominal pain or cramping (8%), and nausea (5%). Conclusion: Irinotecan administered intravenously as a single agent every 3 weeks induced no objective response in relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma.
PMID: 18812255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]