Supplementation with a synthetic polyphenol limits oxidative stress and enhances neuronal cell viability in response to hypoxia-re-oxygenation injury.
Brain Res. 2008 Jul 11;1219:8-18
Authors: Duong TT, Antao S, Ellis NA, Myers SJ, Witting PK
Oxidative stress is associated with the pathology of acute and chronic neurodegenerative disease. Cultured human neuronal cells exposed to experimental hypoxia-re-oxygenation (H/R) injury responded with an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and a significant decrease in intracellular ATP. Expression of genes encoding for hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1-alpha), inducible haemoxygenase-1 (HO-1), glucose transporter-1 (Glut-1), the oxygen-sensor neuroglobin (Nb) and Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase-1 (Gpx-1) increased significantly in response to the insult. Enhanced expression of HO-1, SOD1 and CAT correlated with an increase in the corresponding protein activity. Despite the cellular response to bolster antioxidant capacity, apoptosis and necrosis increased following H/R injury. In contrast, ROS accumulation, the endogenous gene response and cell death was limited in neuronal cells pre-incubated with 50 or 100, but not 10 microM of the phenolic antioxidant 3,3',5,5'-tetra-t-butyl-biphenyl-4,4'-diol (BP) prior to H/R injury. These data indicate that the early endogenous gene response to H/R injury is unable to inhibit neuronal dysfunction and that increasing cellular antioxidant capacity with a synthetic polyphenol (>10 microM) is potentially neuro-protective.
PMID: 18538307 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]