Pinocembrin prevents glutamate-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y neuronal cells via decrease of bax/bcl-2 ratio.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2008 Sep 4;591(1-3):73-9
Authors: Gao M, Zhang WC, Liu QS, Hu JJ, Liu GT, Du GH
Pinocembrin is the most abundant flavonoids in propolis, and has been proven to have antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory property. To assess the protective effects of pinocembrin on neurons, SH-SY5Y neuronal cells were pretreated with pinocembrin for 2 h followed by co-treatment with glutamate (2 mM) for 12 h. Cell viability was determined by(3,4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenylte-trazolium bromide assay, and apoptosis was confirmed by cell morphology, capillary zone electrophoresis and flow cytometry assay. Cell morphology was evaluated with Hoechst33258/PI dye. Treatment with pinocembrin (10(-5), 10(-6), 10(-7) mol/l) increased cell viability dose-dependently, inhibited LDH release and attenuated apoptosis. Intracellular free [Ca(2+)] was increased after glutamate exposure, and this increase was attenuated in cells treated with pinocembrin. bax mRNA expression increased remarkably following glutamate exposure and pinocembrin treatment manifested a reduction effect. bcl-2 mRNA expression changes were not detected in groups with or without pinocembrin. Western blotting results indicated that pinocembrin treatment reduced the expression of Bax and had no effect on Bcl-2, thus decreased the Bax-Bcl-2 ratio, which is in consistent with the gene expression result. Pinocembrin could also down-regulate the expression of p53 protein, and inhibit the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytosol. Thus we conclude that pinocembrin exerts its neuroprotective effects in glutamate injury model partly by inhibiting p53 expression, thus Bax-Bcl-2 ratio, and the release of cytochrome c.
PMID: 18625218 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]