Distinct role of ShcC docking protein in the differentiation of neuroblastoma.
Oncogene. 2008 Nov 10;
Authors: Miyake I, Ohira M, Nakagawara A, Sakai R
The biological and clinical heterogeneity of neuroblastoma is closely associated with signaling pathways that control cellular characteristics such as proliferation, survival and differentiation. The Shc family of docking proteins is important in these pathways by mediating cellular signaling. In this study, we analysed the expression levels of ShcA and ShcC proteins in 46 neuroblastoma samples and showed that a significantly higher level of ShcC protein is observed in neuroblastomas with poor prognostic factors such as advanced stage and MYCN amplification (P<0.005), whereas the expression level of ShcA showed no significant association with these factors. Using TNB1 cells that express a high level of ShcC protein, it was demonstrated that knockdown of ShcC by RNAi caused elevation in the phosphorylation of ShcA, which resulted in sustained extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation and neurite outgrowth. The neurites induced by ShcC knockdown expressed several markers of neuronal differentiation suggesting that the expression of ShcC potentially has a function in inhibiting the differentiation of neuroblastoma cells. In addition, marked suppression of in vivo tumorigenicity of TNB1 cells in nude mice was observed by stable knockdown of ShcC protein. These findings indicate that ShcC is a therapeutic target that might induce differentiation in the aggressive type of neuroblastomas.Oncogene advance online publication, 10 November 2008; doi:10.1038/onc.2008.413.
PMID: 18997821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]