Chemokines in neuroectodermal tumour progression and metastasis.
Semin Cancer Biol. 2008 Nov 1;
Authors: Raffaghello L, Cocco C, Corrias MV, Airoldi I, Pistoia V
Chemokines and their receptors have emerged as pivotal regulators of tumour growth, progression, and metastasis. Here we review the current knowledge on chemokines and receptors likely involved in the development of metastasis of neuroectodermal tumours, with emphasis on neuroblastoma. In this respect, we discuss the controversial role of the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis in bone marrow localization of neuroblastoma cells. In addition, we focus on the ability of neuroblastoma-derived chemokines such as CCL2 and CX3CL1 to attract lymphoid cells to the tumour site. Finally, chemokine receptor and function in other neuroectodermal tumours of adulthood (i.e. melanoma and small cell lung cancer) are discussed.
PMID: 19013246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]