Receptor-Specific Targeting with Liposomes In Vitro Based on Sterol-PEG(1300) Anchors.
Pharm Res. 2008 Nov 18;
Authors: Gantert M, Lewrick F, Adrian JE, Rössler J, Steenpaß T, Schubert R, Peschka-Süss R
PURPOSE: The challenge in developing liposomes to be used in active drug targeting is to design a method that can be used for modifying liposomal membranes that is applicable for a number of different specific ligands. In this study, the post insertion technique was used with activated sterol-PEG(1300) anchors and was evaluated with regard to its effectiveness in active targeting in vitro. The key advantage of these anchors is that the insertion step into the liposomal membrane takes place at room temperature and is very fast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For in vitro experiments, neuroblastoma cell lines overexpressing GD2 antigen on their surface as a target structure were chosen. This allowed the use of anti-GD2 antibodies coupled to the liposomal surface for testing of specific binding. These modified liposomes were labelled with rhodamine-PE and their cellular association was analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: It was shown that the activated sterol-PEG(1300) anchors allow specific and significant interactions of the modified liposomes with GD2 positive cells. CONCLUSION: Coupling using sterol-PEG(1300) anchors is both simple and rapid. It is reproducible and applicable for all ligands bearing amino groups. This method demonstrates the advantage of a ready-to-use system for the modification of pre-formed liposomes with different ligands.
PMID: 19015959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]