Indirubin-3'-monoxime inhibits beta-amyloid-induced neurotoxicity in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.
Neurosci Lett. 2008 Nov 20;
Authors: Zhang S, Zhang Y, Xu L, Lin X, Lu J, Di Q, Shi J, Xu J
Increasing evidence suggests that the inappropriate activation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) could induce neuronal apoptosis in Alzheimer's disease (AD), which means that the pharmacological inhibitors of cell-cycle progression may effectively impede the development or progression of AD. Indirubin-3'-monoxime (IMX), a known effective inhibitor of CDKs, has been shown to have therapeutic effects on learning and memory deficits induced by beta-amyloid (Abeta) intracerebroventricular infusion in rats. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of IMX on Abeta(25-35)-induced neuronal apoptosis and its potential mechanisms in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Abeta(25-35)-induced apoptosis, characterized by decreased cell viability, neuronal DNA condensation, and fragmentation, was associated with an increase in tau protein hyperphosphorylation. IMX, however, attenuated Abeta(25-35)-induced cell death in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, expression of hyperphosphorylation tau protein was significantly decreased with IMX treatment. Our study suggests that IMX may usefully prevent or delay the neuronal loss of AD.
PMID: 19027827 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]