Identification and characterization of a novel cell-penetrating peptide.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Dec 10;
Authors: Sheng J, Oyler G, Zhou B, Janda K, Shoemaker CB
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are short amino acid sequences that promote their own translocation across cell plasma membrane. When linked with cargo such as polypeptides, nucleic acid, or liposomes, CPPs can facilitate the transport of these entities across the cell membrane. Therefore, CPPs are receiving increased interest in drug delivery and gene therapy. The majority of CPPs identified so far are polycationic peptides which interact with heparin sulfate chains of plasma membrane for internalization. Here, we report the identification and characterization of a conformationally constrained 13 amino acid peptide (CVQWSLLRGYQPC, designated as S41) which is clearly distinct from classical polycationic peptides. Immunofluorescence assay was employed to test the cellular uptake of S41 in mouse neuroblastoma cell line Neuro2A (N2A) and rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs). Internalization of S41 was further examined in N2A cells by means of mutational analysis, flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Our results demonstrate that S41 can enter cells through lipid rafts dependent endocytosis.
PMID: 19084505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]