Human neural cell interactions with orientated electrospun nanofibers in vitro.
Nanomed. 2009 Jan;4(1):11-30
Authors: Gerardo-Nava J, Führmann T, Klinkhammer K, Seiler N, Mey J, Klee D, Möller M, Dalton PD, Brook GA
Aim: Electrospun nanofibers represent potent guidance substrates for nervous tissue repair. Development of nanofiber-based scaffolds for CNS repair requires, as a first step, an understanding of appropriate neural cell type-substrate interactions. Materials & methods: Astrocyte-nanofiber interactions (e.g., adhesion, proliferation, process extension and migration) were studied by comparing human neural progenitor-derived astrocytes (hNP-ACs) and a human astrocytoma cell line (U373) with aligned polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers or blended (25% type I collagen/75% PCL) nanofibers. Neuron-nanofiber interactions were assessed using a differentiated human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y). Results & discussion: U373 cells and hNP-AC showed similar process alignment and length when associated with PCL or Type I collagen/PCL nanofibers. Cell adhesion and migration by hNP-AC were clearly improved by functionalization of nanofiber surfaces with type I collagen. Functionalized nanofibers had no such effect on U373 cells. Another clear difference between the U373 cells and hNP-AC interactions with the nanofiber substrate was proliferation; the cell line demonstrating strong proliferation, whereas the hNP-AC line showed no proliferation on either type of nanofiber. Long axonal growth (up to 600 microm in length) of SH-SY5Y neurons followed the orientation of both types of nanofibers even though adhesion of the processes to the fibers was poor. Conclusion: The use of cell lines is of only limited predictive value when studying cell-substrate interactions but both morphology and alignment of human astrocytes were affected profoundly by nanofibers. Nanofiber surface functionalization with collagen significantly improved hNP-AC adhesion and migration. Alternative forms of functionalization may be required for optimal axon-nanofiber interactions.
PMID: 19093893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]