Stabilization of N-myc is a critical function of aurora a in human neuroblastoma.
Cancer Cell. 2009 Jan 6;15(1):67-78
Authors: Otto T, Horn S, Brockmann M, Eilers U, Schüttrumpf L, Popov N, Kenney AM, Schulte JH, Beijersbergen R, Christiansen H, Berwanger B, Eilers M
In human neuroblastoma, amplification of the MYCN gene predicts poor prognosis and resistance to therapy. In a shRNA screen of genes that are highly expressed in MYCN-amplified tumors, we have identified AURKA as a gene that is required for the growth of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells but largely dispensable for cells lacking amplified MYCN. Aurora A has a critical function in regulating turnover of the N-Myc protein. Degradation of N-Myc requires sequential phosphorylation by cyclin B/Cdk1 and Gsk3. N-Myc is therefore degraded during mitosis in response to low levels of PI3-kinase activity. Aurora A interacts with both N-Myc and the SCF(Fbxw7) ubiquitin ligase that ubiquitinates N-Myc and counteracts degradation of N-Myc, thereby uncoupling N-Myc stability from growth factor-dependent signals.
PMID: 19111882 [PubMed - in process]