Extra-anatomic bypass for recurrent abdominal aortic and renal in-stent stenoses following radiotherapy for neuroblastoma.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2009 Jan 6;
Authors: Luehr M, Siepe M, Beyersdorf F, Schlensak C
We describe the case of an 11-year-old girl with an abdominal neuroblastoma which was operated and intraoperatively irradiated 9 years ago. After 6 years, she developed stenoses of the infrarenal abdominal aorta and both renal arteries. Initial treatment of the stenosed vessels comprised endovascular balloon dilatations and repeated stent-graft implantations, including drug eluded stents. However, severe in-stent stenoses occurred during follow-up and the girl developed acute renal failure. Open surgery was performed with two extra-anatomic bypasses, a thoracic-to-abdominal aortic bypass and a left iliac-to-renal bypass, on an urgent basis. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged home two weeks after the operation with full recovery of renal function. We conclude that endovascular stent-graft placement in children can only be a palliative treatment due to outgrowing of the stent-graft and the potential risk of re-stenosis, especially after a history of irradiation. Vascular surgery with placement of extra-anatomic bypasses will provide a definite treatment. Keywords: Aorta/aortic; Renal; Stenosis; Radiation therapy; Neuroendocrine tumor.
PMID: 19126553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]