(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate Protects SH-SY5Y Cells Against 6-OHDA-Induced Cell Death through STAT3 Activation.
J Alzheimers Dis. 2009 Feb 16;
Authors: Wang L, Xu S, Xu X, Chan P
As a natural product, (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), has demonstrated remarkable neuronal protection by depressing oxidative stress in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying EGCG neuronal protection have not been clarified. Using 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells as a PD cell model, we found that 6-OHDA can cause neuronal death by regulating the activity of STAT3. Pretreatment of SH-SY5Y cells with EGCG (0.1-10 muM) significantly attenuated the cell death induced by 6-OHDA. In addition, the STAT3 activity decline induced by 6-OHDA in SH-SY5Y cells can be completely prevented by the presence of 1 muM of EGCG, and neuronal cell proliferation can be stimulated by EGCG treatment. These results clearly demonstrate that the disruption of STAT3 signaling by 6-OHDA makes significant contribution to the neuronal death in PD, and the protection of EGCG on neurons against oxidative stress-induced cell death may result from the re-stimulation of STAT3 signaling pathway. Our study not only clarified the role of STAT3 signaling pathway in oxidative stress-induced neuronal cell death, but also identified its involvement in the protection mechanism of EGCG on neurons in PD. The data resulting from our study also suggest that STAT3 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for the drug development in PD.
PMID: 19221405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]