Functional coupling of mu-receptor-Galphai-tethered proteins in AtT20 cells.
Neuroreport. 2008 Dec 3;19(18):1793-6
Authors: Chieng BC, Lee DJ, Du YP, Osborne PB, Christie MJ, Massotte D
Opioid efficacy on mu-receptor may be influenced by various Gi/o-G-protein subunits interacting with intracellular face of receptor. Pertussis toxin-insensitive Galphai1 and Galphai2 subunits tethered with mu-receptor were stably transfected into AtT20 cells to (i) determine coupling of different alpha-subunits on opioid efficacy, and (ii) determine coupling to downstream effectors, for example, calcium and potassium channels. After pertussis toxin, stimulation of [35S]GTP-gamma-S incorporation persisted. Both constructs were able to couple to native calcium and potassium channels, with endomorphins 1 and 2 equally effective. However, pertussis toxin abolished opioid actions on calcium and potassium channels suggesting strong coupling to endogenous G-proteins, and that differences in coupling efficacy to Galphai1 and Galphai2 previously observed are restricted to initial step of signaling cascade.
PMID: 18955903 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]