PLTP is present in the nucleus, and its nuclear export is CRM1-dependent.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009 Mar;1793(3):584-91
Authors: Vuletic S, Dong W, Wolfbauer G, Day JR, Albers JJ
Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), one of the key lipid transfer proteins in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid, is nearly ubiquitously expressed in cells and tissues. Functions of secreted PLTP have been extensively studied. However, very little is known about potential intracellular PLTP functions. In the current study, we provide evidence for PLTP localization in the nucleus of cells that constitutively express PLTP (human neuroblastoma cells, SK-N-SH; and human cortical neurons, HCN2) and in cells transfected with human PLTP (Chinese hamster ovary and baby hamster kidney cells). Furthermore, we have shown that incubation of these cells with leptomycin B (LMB), a specific inhibitor of nuclear export mediated by chromosome region maintenance 1 (CRM1), leads to intranuclear accumulation of PLTP, suggesting that PLTP nuclear export is CRM1-dependent. We also provide evidence for entry of secreted PLTP into the cell and its translocation to the nucleus, and show that intranuclear PLTP is active in phospholipid transfer. These findings suggest that PLTP is involved in novel intracellular functions.
PMID: 19321130 [PubMed - in process]