RET protein promotes non-adherent growth of NB-39-nu neuroblastoma cell line.
Cancer Sci. 2009 Feb 20;
Authors: Futami H, Sakai R
The receptor tyrosine kinase RET is expressed in a number of neuroblastoma tissues and cell lines, but its role in neuroblastoma remains to be determined. In this study, we examined the roles of RET protein in neuroblastoma by the RNA interference technique using the NB-39-nu neuroblastoma cell line. NB-39-nu neuroblastoma cells show high expression and elevated tyrosine phosphorylation of RET, although short interfering RNA against RET (RET siRNA) did not significantly inhibit cell proliferation or suppression of basal levels of phosphorylation of extracellular regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 or protein kinase B (AKT). By the addition of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), both the expression and phosphorylation of RET and the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and AKT were further increased, whereas cell proliferation was not stimulated under normal culture conditions. However, proliferation of cells cultured under non-adherent conditions was significantly increased by GDNF. The increased proliferation was suppressed by RET siRNA, which also caused inhibition of the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and AKT. These results suggest that RET signaling plays an important role in GDNF-induced enhancement of non-adherent proliferation of NB-39-nu cells, which might contribute to the metastasis of neuroblastoma. (Cancer Sci 2009).
PMID: 19320641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]