Familial risks in nervous-system tumours: a histology-specific analysis from Sweden and Norway.
Lancet Oncol. 2009 Apr 6;
Authors: Hemminki K, Tretli S, Sundquist J, Johannesen TB, Granström C
BACKGROUND: There are limited data available on tumour subtype-specific familial risks for nervous-system tumours. We aimed to provide such data at the population level. METHODS: We used data from the nationwide Swedish and Norwegian databases on familial cancer to calculate standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) for the familial risk of developing a nervous-system tumour in offspring born after 1931 (Sweden) or 1900 (Norway) whose parents or siblings were probands. FINDINGS: 54 195 patients had nervous-system tumours, 22 331 of whom belonged to the offspring generation aged 0-72 years in Sweden and 0-51 years in Norway. Of 709 familial patients in the offspring generation, 438 (61.8%) had a parent affected by a nervous-system tumour (SIR 1.66; 95% CI 1.51-1.82), 236 (33.3%) had a sibling affected by a nervous-system tumour (SIR 2.01; 95% CI 1.76-2.28), and 35 (4.9%) belonged to families with a parent and at least two siblings affected by a nervous-system tumour (multiplex families; SIR 13.40; 95% CI 9.33-18.66). The SIR for glioma was 1.8 (1.5-2.0) when a parent was a proband, but increased to 11.2 (5.7-19.5) in multiplex families. Early-onset neurinoma and haemangioma showed high familial risks; with an SIR for neurinoma of 1.7 (1.4-2.2) for offspring of affected parents, 2.7 (2.0-3.5) for siblings, and 27.2 (13.5-48.8) for multiplex families, and an SIR for haemangioma of 2.4 (1.4-3.8) for offspring of affected parents. Histology-specific population-based familial risks were shown for meningioma (1.6 for offspring of affected parents; 95% CI 1.3-2.0), ependymoma (2.7 for young offspring <20 years; 1.1-5.5), medulloblastoma (4.1 for siblings; 1.7-8.1), and neuroblastoma (3.2 for siblings; 1.1-6.9). INTERPRETATION: Our results suggest a complex genetic background for nervous-system tumours, which differs depending on the age of onset and histological subtype of the tumour. High sibling risks might suggest recessive inheritance. As the high-penetrant multiplex families only accounted for about 5% of familial nervous-system tumours, most familial cases are probably caused by low-penetrance genes. FUNDING: The Nordic Cancer Union, Deutsche Krebshilfe, the Swedish Cancer Society, and the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research.
PMID: 19356978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]