Identification of the Neuroblastoma-amplified Gene (NAG) Product as a Component of the Syntaxin 18 Complex Implicated in Golgi-to-Endoplasmic Reticulum Retrograde Transport.
Mol Biol Cell. 2009 Apr 15;
Authors: Aoki T, Ichimura S, Itoh A, Kuramoto M, Shinkawa T, Isobe T, Tagaya M
Monitoring Editor: Vivek Malhotra Syntaxin 18, a SNARE protein implicated in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane fusion, forms a complex with other SNAREs (BNIP1, p31, and Sec22b) and several peripheral membrane components (Sly1, ZW10, and RINT-1). In the present study, we showed that a peripheral membrane protein encoded by the neuroblastoma-amplified gene (NAG) is a subunit of the syntaxin 18 complex. NAG encodes a protein of 2371 amino acids, which exhibits weak similarity to yeast Dsl3p/Sec39p, an 82-kDa component of the complex containing the yeast syntaxin 18 orthologue, Ufe1p. Under conditions favoring SNARE complex disassembly, NAG was released from syntaxin 18, but remained in a p31-ZW10-RINT-1 subcomplex. Binding studies showed that the extreme N-terminal region of p31 is responsible for the interaction with NAG, and that the N- and the C-terminal regions of NAG interact with p31 and ZW10-RINT-1, respectively. Knockdown of NAG resulted in a reduction in the expression of p31, confirming their intimate relationship. NAG depletion did not substantially affect Golgi morphology and protein export from the ER, but caused redistribution of Golgi recycling proteins accompanied by a defect in protein glycosylation. These results taken together suggest that NAG links between p31 and ZW10-RINT-1 and is involved in Golgi-to-ER transport.
PMID: 19369418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]