Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver in longterm survivors of neuroblastoma How much diagnostic imaging is necessary?
Eur J Radiol. 2009 Apr 13;
Authors: Benz-Bohm G, Hero B, Gossmann A, Simon T, Körber F, Berthold F
OBJECTIVES: Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver is a tumor-like lesion, uncommon in children, but it has recently been more frequently observed in children treated for malignant diseases, especially neuroblastoma. The aetiology is unclear, the pathogenesis remains controversial. Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver is suspected to be a sequela of tumor therapy. METHODS: Besides the clinical data we evaluated the imaging modalities needed to diagnose focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver in children with neuroblastoma who have been followed in our institution for more than 5 years. RESULTS: Out of 60 children six developed focal nodular hyperplasia at a median time of 10.5 years after diagnosis of neuroblastoma and 9.4 years after the end of treatment. The diagnosis of focal nodular hyperplasia was based on imaging criteria which are variable in ultrasonography and specific in MRI. Only one child underwent surgical biopsies to rule out liver metastases. CONCLUSIONS: Longterm survivors of neuroblastoma are at risk of developing focal nodular hyperplasia, especially if they underwent toxic chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy to the liver during initial treatment. The recommended diagnostic imaging tools are ultrasonography for detecting liver lesions and MRI for confirming and characterizing these lesions as focal nodular hyperplasia.
PMID: 19369017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]