Decreased protein synthesis of Hsp27 associated with cellular toxicity in a cell model of Machado-Joseph disease.
Neurosci Lett. 2009 Apr 24;454(2):152-6
Authors: Chang WH, Tien CL, Chen TJ, Nukina N, Hsieh M
Machado-Joseph disease is an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar degeneration caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract within the gene product, ataxin-3. We have previously shown that increased oxidative stress and decreased expression of Hsp27 may be contributory factors to the disease progression. In this study, we utilized neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells stably transfected with full-length expanded ataxin-3 to further investigate the mechanism(s) resulting in the decreased expression of Hsp27. Results from (35)S-methionine pulse-chase labeling and protein degradation assays revealed that decreased Hsp27 in mutant MJD cells is due to defects in protein synthesis. Our results further demonstrated that Hsp27 degradation is independent of the proteasome degradation pathway. In addition, we showed that overexpression of Hsp27 desensitizes mutant MJD cells to apoptotic stress. Taken together, these findings provide the first evidence that expanded ataxin-3 interferes with Hsp27 synthesis, which may contribute to the impairment of the cells' ability to respond to stresses and trigger the progression of this late-onset disease.
PMID: 19429074 [PubMed - in process]