Anti-IL-10R antibody improves the therapeutic efficacy of targeted liposomal oligonucleotides.
 

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05-12-09 04:04 PM
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Anti-IL-10R antibody improves the therapeutic efficacy of targeted liposomal oligonucleotides.
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Anti-IL-10R antibody improves the therapeutic efficacy of targeted liposomal oligonucleotides.

J Control Release. 2009 May 7;

Authors: Brignole C, Marimpietri D, Pastorino F, Di Paolo D, Pagnan G, Loi M, Piccardi F, Cilli M, Tradori-Cappai A, Arrigoni G, Pistoia V, Ponzoni M

High-risk Neuroblastoma (NB) has still a poor prognosis. Liposomes targeted to NB cells and encapsulating antisense CpG-containing oligonucleotides (TL-asCpG) had increased anti-tumour efficacy in NB xenografts compared to free asCpG. Interleukin 10 (IL-10) suppresses antigen presenting cell activation contributing to tumour-mediated immune suppression. In principle, combination of TL-asCpG and antibodies against IL-10 receptor (aIL-10R) could prolong immune system activation, leading to better therapeutic results. Mice treated with TL-asCpG 4 h after human NB cell inoculation survived significantly longer than controls. An increased life span was achieved also in mice receiving TL-asCpG 24 and 72 h after NB cell challenge. The addition of aIL-10R to TL-asCpG in the 4-h protocol significantly increased the percentage of long term survivors compared to TL-asCpG only. Surviving mice treated with the combined strategy were completely cured. In contrast, long term surviving mice treated only with TL-asCpG presented lymph node infiltration with NB cells. TL-asCpG plus aIL-10R treatment was significantly superior to TL-asCpG alone also for the 24-h protocol. Ex vivo experiments demonstrated that the combined therapy evoked a stronger and more prolonged immune system activation compared to monotherapy. These results support the feasibility of a clinical trial with TL-asCpG and aIL-10R in advanced NB patients.

PMID: 19427884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]