Cross-reactive T-Cell Receptors in Tumor and Paraneoplastic Target Tissue.
 

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05-13-09 11:35 AM
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Cross-reactive T-Cell Receptors in Tumor and Paraneoplastic Target Tissue.
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Cross-reactive T-Cell Receptors in Tumor and Paraneoplastic Target Tissue.

Arch Neurol. 2009 May;66(5):655-8

Authors: Pellkofer HL, Voltz R, Goebels N, Hohlfeld R, Dornmair K

BACKGROUND: According to established criteria, paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis with adrenal neuroblastoma comprises a definite paraneoplastic neurologic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To detect T-cell clones that cross-react against antigens shared between tumor and nervous system. DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: Academic research. Patient A 22-year-old woman having paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis with adrenal neuroblastoma. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We compared the T-cell receptor repertoires expressed in blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and neuroblastoma tumor tissue using complementary determining region 3 (CDR3) spectratyping and clone-specific polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The T-cell receptor repertoire in cerebrospinal fluid was narrow compared with that in tumor and blood. Four T-cell clones from different tissues had identical T-cell receptor beta chains. Remarkably, the chains showed identical amino acid sequences but different nucleotide sequences. CONCLUSIONS: These T cells represent ontogenetically distinct clones but share functionally identical receptors. They recognize the same antigen in nervous system and tumor tissue and represent an attractive target for selective therapy.

PMID: 19433667 [PubMed - in process]