NFkappaB Signaling Related Molecular Alterations in Human Neuroblastoma Cells after Fractionated Irradiation.
J Radiat Res (Tokyo). 2009 May 12;
Authors: Madhusoodhanan R, Natarajan M, Veeraraghavan J, Herman TS, Jamgade A, Singh N, Aravindan N
Radiotherapy has been used as an adjunctive local-control modality for high-risk neuroblastoma. However, relapse due to radioresistance affects the success of radiotherapy. Ascertaining the fractionated radiation (FIR) modulated molecular targets is imperative in targeted molecular therapy. Accordingly, we investigated the (i) expression of genes representing six functional pathways; (ii) NFkappaB DNA-binding activity and (iii) expression of radioresponsive molecules after single dose (10 Gy) radiation (SDR) and FIR (2 Gy x 5) in human neuroblastoma cells. Alterations in gene expression were analyzed using QPCR-profiling, NFkappaB activity using electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and pIkappaBalpha using immunoblotting. Modulations in TNFalpha, IL-1alpha, pAKT, IAP1, IAP2, XIAP, survivin, MnSOD, BID, Bak, MyD88 and Vegfc were determined using quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR) and immunoblotting. Compared to SDR, FIR significantly induced the expression of 25 genes and completely suppressed another 30 genes. Furthermore, FIR induced NFkappaB-DNA-binding activity and IkappaB alpha phosphorylation. Similarly, we observed an induced expression of IAP1, IAP2, XIAP, Survivin, IL-1alpha, MnSOD, Bid, Bak, MyD88, TNFalpha and pAKT in cells exposed to FIR. The results of the study clearly show distinct differences in the molecular response of cells between SDR and FIR. We identified several potential targets confining to NFkappaB signaling cascade that may affect radio-resistance after FIR.
PMID: 19436149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]