2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) inhibits neurite outgrowth in differentiating human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.
Toxicol Lett. 2009 Jul 24;188(2):153-6
Authors: Jung JE, Moon JY, Ghil SH, Yoo BS
TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin), a highly toxic environmental pollutant, is known to induce neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral deficits. However, the underlying mechanism of TCDD-mediated neurotoxicity has remained unclear. We have studied TCDD inhibition of neurite outgrowth using human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells induced to differentiate by all-trans-retinoic acid (RA). TCDD, at concentrations of 3nM or 5nM, had no significant effect on the viability of either undifferentiating or differentiated SH-SY5Y cells. However, differentiating SH-SY5Y cells exhibited a distinct decrease of neurite outgrowth 48h after TCDD treatment in a dose-dependent manner. TCDD treatment 12h or 24h after RA stimulation did not elicit a significant inhibition of neurite outgrowth, whereas TCDD cotreatment with RA or TCDD treatment at 6h after RA stimulation significantly inhibited neurite outgrowth. Western blot analysis of cell extracts of RA-stimulated differentiating SH-SY5Y cells showed increased level of cross reactivities with tissue glutaminase (TGase) antibody compared to control extracts, in a time-dependent manner. By contrast, treatment of differentiating SH-SY5Y cells with 1-5nM TCDD resulted in decreased level of cross-reactivities with TGase antibody in a dose-dependent manner. The results indicate that TCDD is able to inhibit neurite outgrowth by differentiating SH-SY5Y cells and that this effect might result from reduced levels of TGase.
PMID: 19446249 [PubMed - in process]