Genes involved in regulation of stem cell properties: Studies on their expression in a small cohort of neuroblastoma patients.
Cancer Biol Ther. 2009 Jul 30;8(13)
Authors: Melone MA, Giuliano M, Squillaro T, Alessio N, Casale F, Matteoli E, Cipollaro M, Giordano A, Galderisi U
Cancer stem cells have been isolated from many tumors. Several evidences prove that neuroblastoma contains its own stem cell-like cancer cells. We chose to analyze 20 neuroblastoma tumor samples in the expression of 13 genes involved in the regulation of stem cell properties to evaluate if their misregulation could have a clinical relevance. In several specimens we detected the expression of genes belonging to the OCT3/SOX2/NANOG/KLF4 core circuitry that acts at the highest level in regulating stem cell biology. This result is in agreement with studies showing the existence of malignant stem cells in neuroblastoma. We also observed differences in the expression of some stemness-related genes that may be useful for developing new prognostic analyses. In fact, preliminary data suggests that the presence/absence of UTF1 along with differences in BMI1 mRNA levels could distinguish low grade neuroblastomas from IV stage tumors.
PMID: 19458492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]