Protective effects of Ginkgobiloba extract (EGb761) and its constituents quercetin and ginkgolide B against beta-amyloid peptide-induced toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells.
Chem Biol Interact. 2009 May 20;
Authors: Shi C, Zhao L, Zhu B, Li Q, Yew DT, Yao Z, Xu J
Ginkgobiloba extract EGb761 has been shown to protect against beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta)-induced neurotoxicity but the specific mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, effects of EGb761 and two of its constituents, quercetin and ginkgolide B, on the cytotoxic action of Abeta (1-42) were tested with human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. We found that EGb761 was able to block Abeta (1-42)-induced cell apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, mitochondrial dysfunction and activation of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and Akt signaling pathways. Both quercetin and ginkgolide B may be involved in the inhibitory effects of EGb761 on JNK, ERK1/2 and Akt signaling pathways. Ginkgolide B also helped to improve mitochondrial functions but quercetin failed to show this effect. Additional experiments suggest that, protective effects of EGb761 against Abeta toxicity may be associated with its antioxidant and platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonist activities. Quercetin but not ginkgolide B is one of the constituents responsible for the antioxidant action of EGb761. Both quercetin and ginkgolide B may be involved in the PAF antagonist activity of EGb761. Overall, actions of individual EGb761 components provide further insights into direct mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of EGb761.
PMID: 19464278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]