GDNF induced cell signaling and neurite outgrowths are differentially mediated by GFRalpha1 isoforms.
Mol Cell Neurosci. 2009 May 19;
Authors: Yoonga LF, Wana G, Too HP
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) transduces signal and promotes neurite outgrowths in diverse neurons through the interactions of GDNF family receptor alpha 1 (GFRalpha1) and other co-receptors including Ret receptor tyrosine kinase and NCAM. GFRalpha1 is alternatively spliced into two isoforms, GFRalpha1a and GFRalpha1b, with five amino acids difference. In this study, we found that both GFRalpha1a and GFRalpha1b were expressed in various human tissues. Interestingly, when stimulated with GDNF, GFRalpha1a but not GFRalpha1b promoted neurite outgrowth in neuroblastoma cells through the activations of ERK1/2, Rac1 and Cdc42. Remarkably, in cells co-expressing GFRalpha1a and GFRalpha1b, GDNF inhibited neurite outgrowths. The inhibitory activity of GFRalpha1b was dependent on RhoA and ROCK activation. Furthermore, GFRalpha1b but not GFRalpha1a activated Rho and various ROCK downstream effectors LIMK1/2, cofilin and MLC2. This study demonstrates the hitherto unrecognized roles of GFRalpha1 isoforms in the activation of distinct signaling pathways and in neurite outgrowths.
PMID: 19463953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]