Sp1 and Sp3 regulate transcription of the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 regulatory subunit 2 (p39) promoter in neuronal cells.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009 Mar;1789(3):204-11
Authors: Valin A, Cook JD, Ross S, Saklad CL, Gill G
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (cdk5) activity is critical for development and function of the nervous system. Cdk5 activity is dependent on association with the regulators p35 and p39 whose expression is highly regulated in the developing nervous system.We have identified a small 200 bp fragment of the p39 promoter that is sufficient for cell type-specific expression in neuronal cells. Mutational analysis revealed that a cluster of predicted binding sites for Sp1, AP-1/CREB/ATF and E box-binding transcription factors is essential for full activity of the p39 promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed that Sp1 and Sp3 bound to sequences required for p39 promoter function and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays confirmed binding of these proteins to the endogenous p39 promoter. Furthermore, depletion of either Sp1 or Sp3 by siRNA reduced expression from the p39 promoter. Our data suggest that the ubiquitously expressed transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3 regulate transcription of the cdk5 regulator p39 in neuronal cells, possibly in cooperation with tissue-specific transcription factors.
PMID: 19437621 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]